The clematis or even called clematis, is one of the most attractive climbing plants. There are over 250 species known. With its variety of colors and flower shapes, it is a preferred plant choice for gardens and balconies. The Clematis plants feel very well as directly in the garden, as well as in the bucket planted. Find out more today about the care and planting of Clematis plants.
Combine several Clematis plants to get a real eye-catcher out
Worth knowing about the Clematis plants
In our gardens mainly grow two different Clematis varieties. These are, on the one hand, the hybrids, whose flowers can reach up to 15 centimeters, and on the other, Central European and East Asian wild species. Although the flowers of the second variety are smaller and more numerous, but these plants are more robust and less susceptible to disease.
Even after the flowering season, the varieties differ: spring flowering – in April and May and summer varieties – from June to August. The first are, for example, the alpine clematis (Clematis alpina) and the anemone or mountain clematis (Clematis montana). The Italian clematis (Clematis viticella) usually show their flowers only from the end of June.
Plant clematis in time
Plant clematis correctly
There are a few important factors that you should consider to ensure easy implantation and good plant growth. The right planting time, the best location and the right soil contribute to this. Furthermore, the right Clelmatis care is very important. We go through all these points and summarize the most important things.
The planting time
Clematis are offered as container plants and can actually be planted throughout the year. The optimal planting time is the late summer from August to October. The soil temperature during this time is between 14 and 22 degrees, which ensures good root growth for the clematis. Another advantage is that the already rooted climbers will bloom lush next year without delay and already in the first year.
Clematis”Ville de Lyon”
The right location
The Clematis plants like the sun, but the roots can not stand the direct sun rays. They feel well in a sunny to partially shaded place. Shadowed are necessarily the bottom 30 to 50 centimeters of the plant. The best location is a west or south wall or rank obelisk.
The right soil
Clematis need a nutrient-rich and well-drained soil, because waterlogging is by no means tolerable. You should dig out a sufficiently large and deep hole to secure the stand in strong winds. The bottom 10 centimeters should be filled with sand, gravel or grit. These take over the role of a drainage and avoid water retention. Mix plenty of sand and compost, half decomposed foliage or normal potting soil and fill up the hole.
Ensure a rich irrigation in the summer
The Clematis plants are generally very thirsty and need regular watering. This is especially important in spring and summer. Clematis is a wild plant that makes it most comfortable in forest conditions. The soil should be rather moist and shady and at high altitude it should be sunny.
The right time to clematis cutting
When the clematis is cut depends on the pruning group. These are a total of three:
Pruning group 1: Plants that bloom in spring are not cut down in winter, but in May or June after flowering. These include e.g. Clematis alpina and montana.
Second pruning group: Hybrids, which bloom once in spring and once in summer, are either cut one meter above the ground in early winter, or half of the plant is removed. If fruiting starts after the first flowering in spring, it will also be cut.
Third recutting group: Most summer-flowering species are cut 20 to 50 centimeters above the ground at the beginning of winter. This group includes e.g. Clematis heracleifolia, integrifola, orientalis, texensis and tangutica.
The best choice are wood trellises
Climbing frame as an aid
Get a climbing aid for your Clematis. All species hold on to the climbing aid with the help of leafy tendrils. This should still be mounted at the planting of the plant on the wall. Leave it about 8 to 10 centimeters away from the wall, so that the rear side is well ventilated. The best choice are wooden trellis of vertical and horizontal strips with two to two and a half centimeters edge length. Galvanized mild steel mats are also recommended as a helper, but are not optimal because the metal is subject to strong temperature variations depending on the weather.
The clematis as a container plant
Clematis plants in the pot
The Clematis can also thrive in the pot. Just make sure that the water runs well and provide plenty of water on warm days. Every 4 years you should repot the plant and rejuvenate the roots. The plant should first be cut back at the top, then taken out of the pot and the roots shortened by one third.
More tips: The propagation of clematis can be done by lowering or cuttings. Spring-blooming hybrids are particularly affected by clematis wilt. This is a disease caused by the fungus. Indicator for this are brownish spots on the leaves, which spread quickly. The affected shoots are cut off and disposed of. The clematis is then treated with a fungicide.
Enrich your garden or balcony with the clematis and admire their lush flowers. This can serve great as a privacy fence or represent a beautiful green wall for the balcony and bring you closer to nature. No matter what you decide, you will take care of the beautiful Clematis properly.
Clematis taiga convinces with magnificent flowers
Treat clematis wilt quickly
Clematis nubia flowers in red
The sunny yellow clematis tangutica
Get a flowering garden fence
The clematis flowers can tolerate the sun well
A pleasure for the eye is the combination of roses and clematis
Clematis venosa violacea
White as snow!
Attach the shoots to the wooden trellis
A nice idea for the garden pergola