Cheese has been made from a variety of textures, flavors and shapes from milk since ancient times. There is no firm evidence of the origin of the cheese in Europe, Central Asia or the Middle East. However, it is reported that the cheese was distributed in Europe before the Roman era. The textures and flavors depend on the origin of the milk (for example, whether it is pasteurized or not), but also on the fat content, the bacteria and molds and the processing.
There are over 5000 cheeses in the world, but today we would like to introduce you to the 20 most popular cheeses.
Hard and soft, but so popular cheeses
1.Blue cheese (Roquefort)
The most famous cheese is Roquefort. It is made from sheep’s milk and its fungal infection comes from bread. The Roquefort reaches its right indulgence age within 4 months. This cheese is well suited both as an appetizer and for cooking.
Traditional English hard cheese that can be made in several colors.
He gets his typical coloring after adding the natural dye annatto. Cheddar cheese is one of the most aromatic varieties in the world. It is made from cow’s milk.
A soft cheese with a mild-milky flavor, made from buffalo and / or cow’s milk. The mozzarella can not be kept for long and therefore it is stored in small balls in a brine. The tastiest is Giornata (the one-day mozzarella), but this can only be obtained in Italy.
A complete pleasure for the senses
Brie knows almost everyone – soft French cheese made from cow’s milk, named after the historic Brie area.
The camembert is made from cow’s milk and covered with a noble mold bark. How ripe you eat this cheese is a matter of taste. Some days of storage make it crisper and nuttier, and with the right ripeness it tastes milder again.
Halloumi is a semi-solid cheese made from cow, sheep or goat’s milk or a mixture thereof. Presumably he comes from the kitchen of the Egyptians or the Arabs. It is similar to mozzarella, but is firmer and spicier. This type of cheese is ideal for roasting or grilling, because unlike other varieties it retains its shape.
Typical of the Emmentaler cheese are the large holes and its unique aroma. Originally from Switzerland, the cheese is made from raw milk and processed in loaves up to 120 kilograms.
Gouda is a popular cheese in Germany
The Gouda is one of the most popular sliced cheeses in Germany. The intensity of the taste depends on the degree of ripeness – the older the Gouder, the spicier it tastes.
Another popular sliced cheese variety for the breakfast table. Originally from the Netherlands, it has a slightly sour taste.
A Greek sheep’s cheese that matures in brine and has a sour-salty taste. Feta translated from Greek is called”slice”.
The spicy taste of this cheese is not for everyone. The Pepper Jack is a semi-solid cow’s milk cheese and ripens for between 1 and 6 months.
12. Le Gruyère
The Gruyère is a Swiss hard cheese made from cow’s milk. This cheese has to ripen for at least 5 months and has a soft-mild taste.
This is an Italian hard cheese with 44% fat. Depending on the maturation period, the provolone has different tastes and also types – 1 month maturing dolce with a mild and creamy taste and piccante, 12 months maturing time with strong taste.
The most famous blue cheese comes from northern Italy. Again, the taste depends on the degree of ripeness. The younger, the milder and the older, the more spicy and spicy.
Everyone knows him, the Parmesan. An Italian hard cheese for grating, which gives the dishes a special spice.
Low calorie cheese
16. Cottage cheese
This is a granular cream cheese. Made of cow’s milk, it has high protein and low calorie value.
A Spanish sheep’s cheese from Castilla-La Mancha. Again, the taste differs depending on the age – mild, fresh-sour to full-bodied soft.
18. Butter cheese
The butter cheese is a semi-hard cheese. It is made from cow’s milk and the maturation period is 3 to 4 weeks.
Another sliced cheese. It is made from raw cow’s milk and pasteurized milk. It forms stony-grain holes and has a thin, brownish bark.
An Italian cheese made from sheep’s milk and / or cow’s milk, to which whey and acid are added. A specialty is the”ricotta cake”, where about 2 kg of ricotta is baked until a dark brown to black crust is formed.
The cheeses are certainly more than 20 and there are many cheese connoisseurs who have already tried most varieties. Which is your favorite type of cheese and which would you like to try?
Popular Cheeses: Traditional English Hard Cheese – Cheddar
A soft cheese with a mild, milky taste
Edamer – the Dutch cut cheese
The Pepper Jack is a semi-solid cow’s milk cheese
A Greek sheep’s cheese maturing in brine
Which is your favorite variety?
The butter cheese likes to get on the bread
The camembert covered with a noble mold bark
Gorgonzola – The younger, the milder and the older, the more spicy and spicy
Le Gruyère has a soft-mild taste
Halloumi is a semi-solid cheese made from cow, sheep or goat’s milk
Popular cheeses: Machego, a Spanish cheese
The well-known Parmesan
Depending on the maturing time, the provolone has different tastes and types
The most famous blue cheese – Roquefort
Typical for the Emmentaler cheese are the big holes
Popular cheeses – Tilsiter